Ritical Analysis of The Red Convertibleby Lyman Lamartine

Guidelines for the 102 Literary Essay: The assignment is to do a critical analysis of one of the short stories in the Literature for Composition textbook as the source, which you will cite parenthetically in the body paragraphs, and with the a?Works Citeda? page as the last page, according to MLA. The literary essay should be a minimum of 2.5 pages. Note that the basic structure and formatting on the guidelines below also applies to the Research Paper, which is longer length, about a play in the text, and requires secondary sources. So, the Short Story Essay is like a smaller version of the Research Paper in which you are a literary critic who is analyzing some aspect of a story. Remember that you must cite evidence and examples from the story! See the Essay Gradesheet that I have provided for you and the SIS for more info about how your papers will be graded. Use your McGraw-Hill Handbook as a resource for MLA citation. You may also use qualifying web resources for MLA citation, but make sure they have the 09 updated MLA or your Works Cited page will be incorrect and this can cause an essay to be less than Satisfactory (C) on either the Short Story Essay or the Research Paper regardless of the content.

A· Formatting:
o Font: Times New Roman 12 pt.
o Margins and Spacing: 1a? and double-spaced (no exceptions).
o Page numbers in the header on the top right (at A?a?) as shown on this document. If they are not in the header, the formatting of the entire paper will be off.
o Heading: Put your first and last name, class and section number, the date, and the assignment in the top left corner at the 1a?margin. Put my name as a?Instructor Guerin.a?
Perfect Student
Instructor Guerin
English 102-93
3 November 2010
A· Your title must be centered on first page; it cannot be the title of the work, but should contain it.
o Do not use any other fonts, bold, color, etc.
o Shorter works, like short stories and shorter poems are enclosed in quotation marks, even in your title; however you should never put your entire title in quotation marks, as follows:
a?The Necklacea?: False Pretenses and Good Intentions
o Books and major works (like plays) are italicized, as follows:
In Hamlet, The Question is Not to Be
o Generally speaking, if a work is long enough to be published as a book by itself, it will be in italics.

A· The Introduction is one paragraph at the beginning that contains information that is helpful for understanding the background and relevance of the thesis/argument. In this class, the Thesis Statement is one sentence that contains the argument in the paper and is the last sentence of this paragraph, as in this example of a title and an introductory paragraph from an a?Aa? paper:

a?The Necklacea?: Veil of Insecurities
In nineteenth-century France, social class was predetermined by birth unless one was a woman possessed of a certain beauty and grace. The main character of the story, Madame Loisel, is a beautiful middle-class woman who has a problem with accepting her station in life even though she has not chosen to use her natural resources to improve her lot. Rather than being content with her chosen social class, the narrator describes Madame Loisel as perpetually dissatisfied and constantly longing for a lifestyle beyond her reach. Through effective symbolism, strong internal conflict, and vivid imagery in the a?The Necklace,a? de Maupassant conveys that Madame Loisel is not ungrateful, but rather is insecure within herself, and her insecurities are what fuel her desire for expensive material objects to veil her uncertainties.
o The Thesis Statement should be specific, arguable, and contain the author and title.
o The Thesis Statement should not consist of generalizations, obvious observations, or vague opinions.
o Have the sources and evidence for your thesis before writing the paper. Why? Because you have to know that you can prove whatever you are arguing with enough examples to get the minimum paper length and with enough qualifying secondary sources (in the Research Paper) to meet the requirements.

A· The Body Paragraphs should have at least 4 sentences each.
o The topic sentence is the first sentence of the paragraph that connects to the thesis and introduces the main point (evidence) in the paragraph.
o The next sentence contains the evidence from the text, with a parenthetical citation, followed by sentences with your commentary to explain (very important).
o Note that for the Literary Essay, only the primary source, the textbook, is required to be cited and since there is only the one source, putting the authoras last name in the parentheses is not necessary. The Research Paper will require secondary sources.
o Do not end a paragraph with a quote or citation; the last sentence of the paragraph should be your commentary about how the evidence supports the thesis/argument.
o Use present verb tense except when quoting directly or referring to historical events, (as in the introduction as background or context).
o Never use 1st or 2nd person (a?Ia? or a?youa?).
o Remember to introduce all quotes and to block any quotes of more than 3 lines. (Note that blocked quotes are punctuated and cited differently.) Do not use the introductions, a?the book saysa? or a?the story saysa? because the a?booka? or a?storya? is not telling the reader anything; rather it is the AUTHOR or NARRATOR who is speaking. See the handouts and Powerpoint for info about narration and POV. The LFC has some excellent guidelines about quotations and internal citations beginning on pages 1363.
o Although I may or may not require for an outline to be submitted (see your syllabus), it will benefit you to practice putting this information into an outline for organization purposes; when I ask for an outline, this is what I am looking for:

I. Introduction
A. Background of thesis
B. Thesis statement
II. Body paragraphs
A. Main point (general description)
1. Well-constructed topic sentence describing main point (connect to thesis)
2. Example/evidence from the story in the form of a quote, a paraphrase, description of an event, or description of a literary element (such as setting or irony, for example) or character.
3. Commentary to sum up paragraph (your analysis)

This structure should repeat over and over until there are enough paragraphs to meet the length requirement (or longer if you are aiming for an a?Aa?). The Concluding paragraph of the essay will be part III on the outline (see criteria next).

o Paragraphs of longer than 5 or 6 sentence MAY indicate a lack of organization and that the student has combined two main points into one paragraph instead of having an effective transition and separating them. Similarly, if there are several examples and sources of evidence to back up one main point, it is ok to have several paragraphs with connecting words and transitions to show the relationship between the ideas and the thesis (very importanta stay connected to the thesis!).
o Do not give a plot summary or plot description in lieu of a literary analysis. You are not being asked to give a biography of the author or historical evidence except when it is relevant to your thesis. Stay connected to thesis, which is an argument that you are consistently proving throughout. Use #3 of the paragraph above, your commentary, to reinforce your argument.

A· The Conclusion does not simply parrot the thesis statement, but summarizes the main points and emphasizes the relevance of the thesis and how it has been proved in the paper.
o It may include social and philosophical observations and conclusions that can be inferred from the work in relation to the thesis statement.
o It is not, however, the place to introduce new evidence or examples.

o The Works Cited page is numbered at the top right as the last page of the paper. The details of the formatting of the Works C