Ritical Issues in Policing Civil Liability Chapter 8

Greeting,
I will attach the required pages for this essay. I need two different essays each one has two pages using simple and easy words to cover the below:

1Discuss and define the distinction between ministerial and discretionary functions.
2Special relationships transcend the usual police-public relationship. How are these created?
3Why is proving a special relationship vital to a plaintiff trying to recover damages against a police officer in court?

Thank you