Ritical thinking and application paper Ethics

Tips for scoring well on the
Critical Thinking & Application Paper

One of the tricks to being successful in college is knowing what the instructor is looking for. This handout is designed to help you understand what we are looking for in the critical thinking/application paper so you can get the best grade possible. Remember, I am a lawyer  so answer the question.


THIS IS NOT AN ESSAY IT IS A QUESTION/ANSWERPAPER.
DO NOT TURN IN AN ESSAY.
LABEL ANSWERS

1. Turn it in on time.
2. Realize that 10% of the paper s grade will be based on writing skills. Proofread
3. Do not work on this with other students or share ideas with each other as this is a violation of the academic honesty policy at St. Petersburg College and results in severe consequences.
4. Do not think of this as a long flowing essay. It is divided into parts. Some parts are better suited for lists, while others are better as paragraphs. You want to number each section before you start. Also, it is noted below which sections are supposed to be answered in list or paragraph form.
5. *Every time  paragraph is mentioned in this tips sheet it means 7  9 sentences unless otherwise noted.
6. Minimum 2,000 words.
7. MLA Format for citing double space -12 font
8. This is a drop box assignment, so use the tutorial in the  Start Here content
module if you have not used a drop box before.


Main Sections of the paper

I. Identify the central ethical issue.
While there may be many ethical issues presented in the case study, you are to identify the main issue or problem. Remember, ethical issues do not mean people are doing something right or wrong  it means there is a moral question present on which reasonable people can disagree.

Examples of a central ethical issue:
is it right for individuals to file for bankruptcy?
is it right for students to work together on a take home assignment?
is it right for people to gain promotions based on who they know?

Pick one issue that you think is the main ethical issue in the case. At the beginning of this paragraph write the central ethical issue in one statement; formatted as a question. (Ex. Is it right for someone to lose their job because of their personal views on a moral subject?) Write one paragraph using specific details and examples to explain why this is the central ethical issue as opposed to other issues.

II. Research. Using outside resources, gather information relevant to the central ethical issue. You will need this additional information to help better define the issue, and to help you identify potential resolutions.

Find at least 3 articles from the internet. These articles should be related directly to the main issue you have selected from our case. You will need this additional information to help better define the problem, and to help you identify potential resolutions. Think of this step as a way to open your mind so that you fully understand all the aspects surrounding and issue such as this.

List the links on your assignment and below each link write 3  5 sentences explaining why this article is relevant to the main ethical issue in our case, and what you have learned from this article. Be sure to make each link along with its paragraph separate, so you have 3 separate link/paragraphs in this section.

These articles can be from news agencies, scholarly journals, and original sources. Wikipedia, and other encyclopedia should NOT be included. Links to SPC library online resources for research and citing sources are found at the end of this tip sheet.

Some research ideas:
” Code of ethics for government employees
” Reporting fraud
” Violating government contracts
” Ethical and legal obligations to report possible illegal activities
” Whistle blowing and employee rights and responsibilities
” Textbook chapters on Professional Ethics and Employee Rights

III. Analysis. Identify options for the resolution of the central ethical issue in the case study. These options need to be realistic and practical. You should have a minimum of FOUR solutions to compare and contrast. Be sure to address the ethical implications each will have on the stakeholders (minimum of FOUR stakeholders).

This section will look like a chart similar to the one in Chapter 4 on page 101. If you cannot format a chart in your paper, or find out it takes too long for you to make a chart, don t spend your time formatting. Do the best you can.

SAMPLE
Stakeholders Options
Continue current spending & borrowing Declare bankruptcy Try to solve by ourselves Get help from financial counselor
Kim & Mike More debt, stress, & unhappiness; potential marital problems? Short-term relief, some guilt at breaking promises, no new skills (repeat past mistakes?), poor credit rating. Unlikely to work; increased frustration & stress; no new skills learned; risk of getting even deeper into debt. Learn new financial skills; realistic hope for better future; requires sacrifices, but within reason; some pride in paying off debts.
Creditors They loan more, but risk losing more if we can t pay. We won t pay them what we promised; little harm to larger creditors, but smaller businesses could be hurt; creditors will be less likely to trust us in the future. They ll get whatever we can pay, but if plan doesn t work, they risk losing their money. Creditors get their money eventually. More likely to trust us in future.
Mike & Kim s (future) children Our debt will keep growing, limiting what we can offer them; fewer opportunities & higher family stress level. No more debt, but poor credit rating could limit opportunities for them; if we don t learn better financial skills, kids will suffer as a result. If it doesn t work, kids will still grow up with debt; fewer opportunities; family stress, etc. Plan more likely to work; more opportunities for kids; less family stress; we can teach them the financial skills we learn.

IV. Application.

Part I: Apply the main principles of ONE consequential theory. You may choose from:
Act Utilitarianism OR
Rule Utilitarianism
to resolve the main ethical issue you selected or identified in section I of this paper. This is where it is mandatory to use the  steps from Chapter 5 to apply the theory. (Even though you will use the steps to help you, do not just put the steps in your paper; that will not be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of this section. You must apply each step.)

For this section write at least two paragraphs;
” Paragraph 1  explain the theory you chose in detail
” Paragraph 2  apply the principles of the theory to the central ethical issue from section I of this paper applying all of the steps outlined in the text. Again, you will get no credit for just listing the steps. Be sure to be detailed and fully apply each step to your main issue. Be sure you clearly state what the resolution will be and how you arrived at that decision using the principles of that theory. Example; your last sentence should read  Therefore; If Mr. ____ was an Act (or Rule) Utilitarian he would & & .


In this section include citations (especially in paragraph 1, since none of us have any first hand information from Jeremy Bentham or John Stuart Mill)

Part II: Apply the main principles of ONE non-consequential theory. You may choose from:
Deontology (Kant),
Natural Law,
Natural Rights,
Virtue Ethics OR
Contractarianism
to resolve the main ethical issue you selected or identified in section I of this paper. This is where it is mandatory to use the  steps from Chapter 6 to apply the theory. (Even though you will use the steps to help you, do not just put the steps in your paper; that will not be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of this section. You must apply each step.)


For this section write at least 2 paragraphs;
” Paragraph 1  explain the theory you chose in detail
” Paragraph 2  apply the principles of the theory to the central ethical issue from section I of this paper applying all of th