Ritical Thinking and Problem Solving / Perspectives on Affirmative action in College Admissions

THIS ASSIGNMENT IS FOR SOMEONE WITH SKILLS OF LOGICAL REASONING RELATIVE TO PROBLEM SOLVING AND RELATED ARGUMENT ANALYSIS WHO CAN PROVIDE EVIDENCE AND WELL REASONED SUPPORT FOR ASSERTED SOLUTIONS AND/OR POSITIONS WITHIN FRAMEWORKS OF CLARITY, DEPTH, PRECISION, RELEVANCE AND FAIRNESS.

Your assignment is to write a one page paper.

You will be asked to read some information from a textbook (I will supply the information). You will then have a series of questions that follow the reading. You will be required to answer the questions (I will supply most of the answers however, you may have to do some minor research; however, you will answer the questions in paper format. This means that instead of just writing the question number and a brief answer you will write a paragraph and then connect the paragraphs together to make one flowing paper. You will need to use proper APA style and format. You will reflect on the material you read and the scenario you just read to formulate your answers. That is why following proper format and style is important to these assignments.

*USE AS MANY SOURCES AS NEEDED TO COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT

For this week please read the Critical Thinking Issue titled Perspectives on Affirmative action in College Admissionsstarting on page 30 of the THiNK textbook (I will provide this information via a PDF file). Read all the way through page 32 and answer the six Think and Discuss questions on page 33 (Listed below are the answers for questions 1-4). Questions 5 & 6 may require a bit of research..please use Harrison College as the college for question 5.

Answers:

Think and Discuss, page 33

1. Cantor defines affirmative action as the use of race as a consideration in college admissions. Connerly defines affirmative action as the use of racial preferences in public education. Note that while Cantoras definition is relatively neutral, Connerlyas definition is a persuasive definition in that the use of the term a?preferencesa? conveys a sense of unfairness

2. This question hinges on the application the principle of fairness or justice This principle requires that we give each person, given that their circumstances are equal, the same consideration when it comes to the distribution of goods and burdens in society. Since circumstances are rarely equal, this principle also requires that we treat people who start from a position of privilege or from a position of inequality (such as minorities and women) in proportion to their individual differences. Thus, the principle of fairness could be used to support affirmative action on some level, given that it does not unfairly burden people who are not recipients of affirmative action.

3. Cantoras argument is based primarily on the premises that a) affirmative action in college admissions benefits both blacks and whites by enriching their college experience, and
b) we cannot achieve the dream of racial equality without it. Both her premises are descriptive premises. In analyzing her argument, students will need to do research on the effects of affirmative action on the college experiences of both black and white students. Connerlyas argument is based mainly on two premises: a) affirmative action is inherently unjust, and b) blacks, as shown by the election of Barack Obama, are no longer overly-burdened by prejudice, as they were in the past, and now have the opportunity to rise to the top without needing affirmative action. Connerlyas first premise is a prescriptive premise, while Connerlyas second premise is a descriptive premise . Before being able to analyze Connerlyas argument and compare it with Cantoras, students will need to do research on the present existence of economic and social inequality among races in the United States.

4. The use of class rather than race as a basis for affirmative action is based on the fact
that race is not always a clear indicator of need, since some African Americans, such as the Obamas, are financially and socially very well off. In addition, some European Americans, such as many of the unemployed coal miners in West Virginia, are living in poverty.