Ritically assess Wildavksyas theory of the two presidencies (one foreign and one domestic) with reference to at least two specific presidents.

Please make sure to includes pictures, president documents, president phone call, president speech and what ever is revelant to the topic.
Please also include the appendix.

This is an examples you may need to read before you answer the question and useful Bibliography, journals and websites.

Example, you might examine a particular speech by a president and a crisis situation or policy decision, such as the State of the Union a?Axis of Evila? speech given by George W. Bush in January 2002, and John F. Kennedyas handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1963. Or Ronald Reaganas a?Government is the Problema? inaugural speech of 1981 and Gerald R. Fordas handling of the pardon of Richard Nixon in 1974. See pages 19-21 for further examples.

it is your responsibility to ensure that you have adequate and accessible research sources. The bibliography contained in this handbook provides some key sources on various topics. An essential source will be the primary archives that are stored in each Presidentas official Library. A list of their website addresses is available at the end of this handbook and it is strongly recommended that you familiarise yourself with their content as soon as possible. The current Presidentas website, i.e. the White House, is also provided.

Devising your own bibliography is part of the assessment

You may make a choice regarding which style of reference formatting you use, but you must remain consistent within one style. You must also give page numbers for all book/article references. Referencing from electronic sources must be as comprehensive and accurate as possible.

Your portfolio will be graded on the basis of:

a? Good topic selection and formulation.
a? Knowledge and understanding of the topic.
a? Comprehensive understanding demonstrated of different perspectives towards an issue even if you opt to support a particular view.
a? Good structure.
a? Reasoned analysis supported by evidence.
a? Grammatically correct, clear and lucid prose.
a? Appropriate referencing and bibliography a referencing should demonstrate the variety of the sources used rather than over-dependence on a few studies.

It is anticipated that students will write between 3750-4000 words in total, dividing this between each topic chosen. As well as your written work you will be expected to include copies of documentary evidence you have used in your portfolio, e.g. presidential speeches or White House papers.


Edwards, George C., and Wayne, Stephen J., Presidential Leadership, 7th ed., Belmont, Ca.: Wadsworth, 2006.
Pfiffner, James P., and Davidson, Roger H., Understanding the Presidency, 5th ed., New York: Pearson Longman, 2009.

This bibliography below indicates what is available on the US Presidency in the library. For general reading, the titles listed below are most useful. Titles that are listed under each topic heading provide more specialist information that might be of use when researching your portfolio, or if you want to improve your knowledge and understanding of a subject that particularly interests you. If in doubt, ask Andrew Moran for further guidance before beginning research for your essay.

1. General Resources on the Presidency
Abshire, David, Triumphs and Tragedies of the modern presidency: seventy-six case studies in presidential leadership, Praeger, 2001.
Bailey, Harry A., and Shafritz, Jay M., eds., The American presidency: historical and contemporary perspectives, Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole, 1988.
Barber, James D., The presidential character: predicting performance in the White
House, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1972.
Bennett, G. H., The American presidency 1945-2000: illusions of grandeur, Stroud: Sutton, 2000.
Burke, John, The Institutional Presidency: Organizing the White House from FDR to Clinton, Johns Hopkin University Press, 2000.
Crockett, David A., The opposition presidency: leadership and the constraints of history, College Station: Texas A and M University Press, 2002.
Cronin, Thomas, E., Inventing the American presidency, Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas, 1989.
Cronin, Thomas E., and Genovese, Michael A., The Paradoxes of the American Presidency, 2nd ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Davies, Philip J., and Edwards, George C., New challenges for the American presidency, London: Pearson Longman, 2004.
Denton Jr., Robert, Moral Leadership and the American Presidency, Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.
Doyle, William, Inside the Oval Office: the White House tapes from FDR to Clinton, London : London House, 1999.
Dunn, Charles W., The scarlet thread of scandal: morality and the American
presidency, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
Foley, Michael, and Owens, John, Congress and the presidency: institutional politics in a separated system, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.
Genovese, Michael A., The power of the American presidency, 1789-2000, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Gould, Lewis L., The modern American presidency, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003.
Graubard, Stephen R., The presidents: the transformation of the American presidency
from Theodore Roosewelt to George W. Bush, London: Allen Lane, 2005.
Greenstein, Fred L., Leadership in the modern presidency, Cambridge, Mass.; Harvard University Press, 1988.
Greenstein, Fred I., The presidential difference: leadership style from FDR to Clinton, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Gregg II, Gary, Thinking about the Presidency: Documents and Essays from the Founding to the Present, Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.
Hamby, Alonzo L., Liberalism and its challengers: F.D.R. to Reagan, New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Hart, John, et al., Roosevelt to Reagan: the development of the modern presidency, London: C. Hurst, 1987.
Hodgson, Godfrey, All things to all men: the false promise of the modern American
presidency, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1980.
Jackson, John S., et al., The politics of presidential selection, New York: HarperCollins College, 1996.
Kellerman, Barbara, The political presidency: practice of leadership from Kennedy through Reagan, New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Kentleton, John, President and nation: the making of modern America, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Korzi, Michael J., A seat of popular leadership: the presidency, political parties, and democratic government, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2004.
Leuchtenburg, William E., In the shadow of FDR: from Harry Truman to Bill Clinton, 2nd ed., Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1993.
Lowi, Theodore J., The personal president: power invested, promise unfulfilled, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.
McKay, David, 1944, Domestic policy and ideology: presidents and the American state, 1964-1987, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Morgan, Iwan and Davies, Philip, (eds.), Right On? Political Change and Continuity in George Bushas America, Institute for the Study of the Americas/Palgrave, 2006.
Nelson, Michael, and Milkis, Sidney, American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-2002, CQ Press, 2002.
Nelson, Michael, The Presidency and the Political System, 7th edition, Washington: CQ Press, 2006.
Neustadt, Richard E., Presidential power and the modern presidents: the politics of leadership from Roosevelt to Reagan, New York: Free Press, 1990.
Pfiffner, James P., The character factor: how we judge Americaas presidents, College Station, Tex.: Texas A and M University Press, 2004.
Ritter, Kurt, and Medhurst, Martin J., Presidential speechwriting: from the New Deal to the Reagan revolution and beyond, College Station : Texas A and M University Press, 2003.
Rockman, Bert A., The leadership question: the presidency and the American system, New York: Praeger, 1984.
Roper, Jon, The American Presidents: Heroic Leadership from Kennedy to Clinton, Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
Rose, Richard, The postmodern president: the White House meets the world, Chatham, N.J.: Ch