Ritically evaluate the extent to which prisoners with learning disabilities are discriminated against in the criminal justice system( prison.)

Breaking down the question a introduction:
Outline the purpose of the essay and how it will be structured
State what the particular focus will be and the rationale for this (note: academic rationale a not just that youare interested in the subject)
Remember, your introduction should account for about 10% of your total word count

Breaking down the question a main body:
This is where you need to formulate your argument a remember evaluate/analyse not simply describe.
Use the format:
Point
Explanation
Example


Breaking down the question a conclusion:
Summarise what has been argued in your assignment
Never introduce new information or ideas in your conclusion
You should include a final broad statement to qualify your conclusion, e.g. possible implications, future directions for research etc.
Your conclusion should account for 10% of your total word count

The idea is to formulate a critical argument that is focused on one particular area rather than a broad argument relating to many different areas
You could use a case study to support your argument, but make sure this is linked in with the literature
International comparisons? E.g. are vulnerable defendants discriminated against more in the UK than overseas?
How do our policies and practice discriminate against vulnerable defendants?
What effect does this have? E.g. if focusing on mentally disordered offenders in prison, what effect does an indeterminate sentence have?
How are vulnerable defendants treated in comparison to vulnerable victims/witnesses?

Point, Explanation, Example:
Realistically, if suicides amongst mentally disordered prisoners are to be prevented, more suitable measures need to be put in place. As Shaw et al. (2003: 8-9) suggest, screening should be conducted by a mental health professional, and prisoners should be housed on a suitable wing for the first few days, and monitored. However, as well as overcrowding being an issue, staff shortages essentially mean that these interventions are not viable. For example, in some prisons, inmates are already not monitored as closely as they ought to be (Wahidin and Ardley 2008: 79), therefore, introducing new measures will only increase the strain on an already pressured system.



Referencing Requirements:
Key reading:
HM Inspectorate of Prisons (2009) Disabled Prisoners: A Short Thematic Review on the Care and Support of Prisoners with a Disability. London: HM Inspectorate of Prisons
Leggett, J., Goodman, W., and Dinani, S. (2007) People with Learning Disabilities Experiences of Being Interviewed by the Police. British Journal of Learning Disabilities 35 (3), 168-173
Talbot, J. (2012) Fair Access to Justice? Support for Vulnerable Defendants in the Criminal Courts. London: Prison Reform Trust