Rom an ethical point of view, compare hacking with hacktivism

The title was interpreted as: hacking and hacktivism in relation to ethical theories.

The idea is to construct arguments for and against hacking and hacktivism (political activism by means of hacking). For instance one may argue that hacking is always a bad thing but that hacktivism may or may not.

The following sources must be used:

1) Paul A. Taylor (2005), From hackers to hacktivists: speed bumps on the global superhighway?, New Media and Society 7(5):625-646

2) Alison Adam (2001), Computer ethics in a different voice, Information and Organization 11, p.235-261

3) Alison Adam (2005), Gender, Ethics and information technology, Palgrave Macmillan, p.128-146, Chapter 7: Hacking into Hacking: Gender and the Hacker Phenomenon

4) Jordan, Tim (2004), Hacktivism and Cyberwars: rebels with a cause?, London : Routledge

The following may be useful but are not compulsory:

– Auty, Caroline (2004), Political Hacktivism: tool of the underdog or scourge of cyberspace?, Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives 56(4) pp.212-221

– Calabrese, Andrew (2004), Virtual non-violence? Civil disobedience and political violence in the information age, info 6(5) pp.326-338

plus any other correctly referenced sources you can find. You do not need to use a large number of reference material (8-10 properly cited references will be acceptable).

Quality of argument, good structure and good use of reference material is vital.

It was explicitly indicated not to spend much word space on definitions. Also, to use the ethical theories in the arguments rather than explaining them (Ethical Relativism, Utilitarianism and its variants -see wikipedia-, and Deontology).

The use of headings to structure the work is required.
Harvard style of referencig required