Rom Plato Through Rawls Political Theory
Respond to each question accurately!!! 2 pages per question!!! Make sure each question is answered to the fullest and comprehensible way.
QUESTION # 1
In book 1 of Platos republic thrasymachus, a fictional character in the dialogue putatively modeled on a real world Sophist who lived at the time in Athens, introduces an argument for the dominance of power over justice that presents the view of the Athenians in the Melian Dialogue. Thrasymachus claims that power (and it is unclear which of these two claims he is making) dominates or absords justice in conventional political communities. Put in street terms, might makes right. Machiavelli, the other major figure we have studied on power and morality, is more deliberative in contriving a model of political realism that may provide a grammar of power within which a political morality flourishes.
Critically examine both arguments that Thrasymachus makes in Platos republic and the theory of realpolitik in Machiavellibook the prince”. Is one of these two doctrines superior to the other? EXPLAIN…
QUESTION # 2
Throughout much of Western history one of the gold standards for rationality has been unbounded information in the forms of complete knowledge. Now we routinely work with models of bounded rationality based on incomplete or uncertain information. Speculate on why this change has come about. then EXLAIN how and why John Rawls presents a form of contrived ignorance to derive principle of justice. Does Rawls succeed with his veil of ignorance in generating sound principal of fairness to govern the relations we have with one another in a political society?
QUESTION # 3
Liberty is an essential principle in modern and contemporary political thought. EXPLAIN why this is the case and why liberty is not essential to the political theories of Plato and Aristotle?
QUESTION # 4
What are the social conditions to enact a state governed by John Stuart Mills harm thesis
If marx were alive today and working in Political theory, how would he assess Nozicks theory of Justice? EXPLAIN