Rticles of confederation, Constitution, Bill of Rights, and Federalist #10
Each question (1-9) should be about two paragraphs, more is acceptable. No citations are needed and the sources are the Articles of Confederation, Constitution, Bill of Rights, and Federalist #10
1.) According to the Articles of Confederation, what is the purpose of the Confederation? What powers do the Articles grant to the states? What powers does the document defer to the Congress? How many delegates may a state send to the Congress? How many votes does each state have in the Congress?
2.) According to the Preamble of the Constitution, what is the purpose of the Constitution? What connections to Enlightenment thinkers do you detect in the Preamble?
3.) What branch of the government does Article I of the Constitution address? What are the powers and responsibilities given to this branch? Who can serve in this branch? How are people elected to the branch? How is the number of people in this branch determined and divided amongst the states? What does Clause 18 of Section 8 of Article I say and how do you interpret its meaning?
4.) What offices does Article II of the Constitution create? Who elects these positions? What are the powers of these offices? Who may serve in these offices?
5.) What body does Article III establish? What are this bodyas power? Who appoints members to this body? Who confirms them?
6.) According to the Constitution, how may changes be made to the Constitution? In your opinion, do you believe that the framers of the Constitution intended this process to be easy or difficult?
7.) In general, what are the rights and privileges guaranteed by the Bill of Rights (the first ten Amendments)? What does the creation of these amendments tell you about the fears and doubts many people had about the Constitution and this new experiment in government?
8.) Compare and Contrast the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. In what ways are they similar? How do they differ? How do they both reflect Enlightenment values? Finally, how does the Constitution embrace the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances?
9.) What is the danger to the United States that Madison discusses in Federalist 10? How may this danger be avoided? Why is a representative government favorable to direct democracy? How will a republic curb factionalism?