Rug crime in female victims of sexual assault. (Annotated Bibliography)

WOMEN AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
SOCI 4810 A&D
Step TWO: Sequenced Essay 20% DUE: January 22, 2007

Submit to Moodle and follow up with a hard copy in class. 1% will be taken off for every day it is late.

STEP TWO: DETAILED RESEARCH OUTLINE  Length 10-12 TYPED DOUBLE SPACED PAGES (12 size font).

For Step TWO, you will develop a bibliography, read, annotate and evaluate 3 of your sources, re-examine and update your thesis and prepare a detailed research essay outline. You will hand in step one and the results of the Academic Integrity tutorial.

1. BIBLIOGRAPHY
Provide a properly referenced bibliography of six relevant and current sources that you will use to write your essay. Your materials should be from academic or scholarly journals or from scholarly anthologies or books. Material from newspapers, magazines or the Internet is not permitted. Course materials (properly referenced) can be included as part of your six sources.

1.1 CITATIONS AND REFERENCING
When you are reading material, carefully note all your sources. Be fastidious about keeping track of direct quotations and page numbers, indirect quotes and even general approaches to material. Disorderly research can often inadvertently lead to plagiarism which is a serious offence at the university. Quotations are not a substitute for a clear argument in your own words. Quotations should give evidence for, and support your argument, not substitute for it. Frame your quotations with explanations. Do not insert quotations in your text with little explanation and do not use two quotations back to back. Always ask yourself why you are using the quotation: does it clarify, expand, and/or build your argument?

In-text referencing and bibliographies require precision and accuracy in order to communicate information about the source to your reader. If done properly, not only will the reference make it possible to find the source but will also let the reader know exactly what kind of material it is. For guidance on citation styles, go to:

York U. Library: /html
library/bi/rsalina/asa.styleguide.html
APA Citation Guide html

2. ANNOTATIONS
Provide a separate annotation on 3 relevant sources. Where possible, choose sources that explore different sides of the question.

A book annotation should be about 1 page; an article annotation 2 paragraphs. If your annotations are longer, it is an indication that they are too descriptive. An excellent annotation depends upon selecting the key points, and choosing what to leave out. Include a complete bibliographic reference at the TOP of each annotation, and citations where necessary throughout the annotation.

The annotation should include:
i) a summary of the authors arguments and conclusions. In an annotation, you are representing the authors arguments and conclusions rather than interpreting or evaluating them. Write this section in your own words but as though YOU are the author. Do not quote from the article. Explain the relevance in your own words.

ii) what material (evidence, data, arguments etc.) is relevant to the debate you are researching? You are now shifting into your own voice, assessing the material for its relevance to your essay and to your argument.

3. ASSESSMENT OF TENTATIVE THESIS/FORMULATION OF NEW WORKING THESIS
i) Re-read your tentative thesis from Step One. Has your research changed or shifted your views? If yes, in what ways? Be specific and concrete. State your new/revised thesis. If it has not changed, explain. Remember that a strong essay depends on taking account of arguments on both sides of the debate.

4. RESEARCH OUTLINE
Develop a detailed research outline which utilizes your research and demonstrates how you will explain and defend your thesis. It identifies the major themes and sections of your essay; it includes notes indicating the arguments and the sources you will use in each section. This outline can be in point form. This outline will provide the foundation to write a first draft. Although an outline takes time, it can also save a lot of time. Once you have an effective research outline, you will find it considerably easier to write your essay. Your outline should include a theoretical framework, inclusion of any relevant legislation and legal cases you plan to use.


THE STEP ONE ASSIGNMENT

Sexual assault and rape of any kind is a terrible crime, but what happens to youth who are sexually assaulted. Do they seek other ways to cope with these traumatic events? What ethnic groups are more susceptible to drug abuse after sexual assault? What resources are available that help victims deal with both drug abuse and sexual assault?
For my essay, I propose an exploratory essay looking at the female sexual assault victims and subsequent drug crime/abuse engaged in by these victims. This essay will focus on cultural boundaries, and the prevalence of the sex/drug relationship across several cultural groups. I also intend to look at data that will allow me to look at the influence of male figures in the context of these relationships.
What - The relationship of sexual assault victims and drug crime/abuse.
- The influence male figures (familial, partner, social) have on the relationship of sexual assault/drug crime.
- Prevalence of sexual assault coupled with drug abuse across different ethno-cultural groups.
How - Cultural issues that women deal with in society
- Latina women, who have been sexually assaulted and go on to commit drug crimes or become dependant on controlled substances.
- Sexual assault often has far reaching implications that are often observable in the future. One of these implications is drug abuse
- The correlation of age of sexual assault victims and their subsequent drug abuse and dependency, over a period of time.
- Sex assault victimization of youth across a national level and their problems as they grow up.
- The incidence of female arrest/imprisonment due to drug related crime (including crimes committed by drug addicts as a way to support their habits.)
- The incidence of male/female drug crime, or crime where female may be influence by male.
Why - Sexual assault can lead to an increase of drug abuse/drug crime in female victims.
- Male figures in female sexual assault victims lives often influence these women in a negative way.
- Ethnic and cultural backgrounds often influence the way in which drug crime can influence sexual assault victims.

My Thesis Statement:
Sexual assault on young women can lead to an increased incidence of drug abuse/crime. This incidence is more prevalent across different ethnic/cultural backgrounds, and is often mitigated by male figures, such as family members, partners or other social influences.
Main points
- Statistical incidences of female sex assault victims and drug abuse crime
- Latina sexual assault victims and their subsequent higher incidences of drug abuse and drug crime.
- Other cultural/ethno groups that have a correlation between sex assault and drugs.
- Incidences of drug crime where the perpetrator was a woman who had been assaulted at a young age.
o The amount of time a male counterpart was involved in these crimes.
- Rate of drug abuse and sex assault incidences (both independently, and in correlation to one another)
- The influence of men on sexually battered women
o Use of drugs to control
o Other methods of control, especially those related to drug use (prostitution, drug dealing)
Relevant Canadian Legislation:
- Part V of the Canadian Criminal Code, which deals with sexual assault.
- Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA)
- Section 462 of the criminal code
- National Sex Offen