Ssay 6 in one single spaced full page + the identifications

The new immigration came essentially from Europe, given the way the term immigration was used, but we must also remember that during these years, the United States witnessed immigration from other quarters, too: East Asia, Canada, and Latin America. In former times, most Americans viewed these peoples as sojourners, not immigrants, a reflection of the mindset of those times. But the reality was and is that these people were just as much immigrants as anyone else.

Asian immigration to the Americas, of course, stretches back many thousands of years, but in modern times, it evolved out of the development of the Spanish Empire in the 1500s and 1600s. The first Chinese, Filipinos, and probably other Asians arrived in the Americas then, largely because of the galleon trade from Southeast Asia to the Philippine Islands (named for King Philip V of Spain) to Acapulco, Mexico, and then to Europe. In the 1780s, American merchants established trade with China through the port of Canton, and thus most Chinese immigrating to the U.S. in the 19th century came from that area. Most were Bhuddusts in religion, but some were Christians. Mining, railroad construction, and the fishing industries drew many, and at one point, Chinese immigrants comprised 10 percent of the population of California and 25% of the population of Idaho. Japanese immigration to the United States evolved in the 1880s, but unlike the Chinese, they tended to concentrate on farming, first in California and then farther east in other states. Japanese like so many immigrants tended to live in ethnic clusters (Japantown in many communities), but not to the extent of the Chinese and the famous Chinatowns that developed from San Francisco to Boston.

Americans know very little about Canada, their neighbor to the North, and youd be hard-pressed to find courses on Canadian history in American colleges and universities. But immigration in both directions is an important facet in the development of both countries. The French founded Quebec in 1608 (a year after the English founded Jamestown) and later founded Louisiana in 1682 (Louisiana originally being everything drained by the Mississippi River between the Appalachian and the Rocky Mountains -yes, Eastern Colorado and Denver were once part of Louisiana). The English conquered Quebec and rolled it into their North American empire in 1763. In the mid-19th century, French Canadians began moving south into northern New York and New England to find better jobs in lumbering, boot and shoe manufacture, and textiles, and there has been continuous immigration since that time. Its common to hear French being spoken in northern New England even today, and its also common to see signage in both French and English. Im originally from Fall River, MA, discussed extensively in Daniels, but until I read Daniels, Id never heard of Fall River being described as the third French city in America. Today, I know that some of my friends had French names, but I never knew it growing up -gotta be a melting pot here.


The late 19th century witnessed the development of what is sometimes called the New Immigration -that is to say, a shift in immigration streams from people coming largely from Northwestern Europe to those coming largely from Eastern and Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean. Having read chapters 7 through 10 in Daniels, discuss this New Immigration that predominated from ca. 1880 to 1924, and be sure to discuss the development of Chinese and Japanese immigration within this context. Compare and contrast the experience of these newimmigrants with those who predominated from ca. 1820 to 1880. Then trace the question of immigration restriction from the rise of the Know Nothings to the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924.

Please identify these in one or two sentences:

1. Shtetls

2. Paper Sons

3. Picture Brides

4. The Mezzogiorno

5. William P. Dillingham