Ssay 7 please i want it in one full page single spaced +the identifications. Thank you
The primary purpose of the Immigration Act of 1924 was to shut off the new immigration, but how successful was it? If you get out textbooks written through the middle years of the 20th century, the authors will tell you that the immigration experience to America was largely over. But was it?
To answer these questions, we need to look at events in Europe along with immigration ignored. In the 1920s, in the wake of World War I (1914–1918/19) Europe plunged into an economic collapse, one quickly followed by another in the U.S. -the Great Depression of 1929–1941 -an economic catastrophe so great that for the only time in American history, there was a net emigration for several years. And then came World War II, 1939–1945. Whether the Immigration Act of 1924 shut off the new immigration or whether depression and war shut it off or whether some combination of the two did the job is a matter of debate. There were also ways for the determined to evade the law legally, there were many nonquota categories for immigration, and there was some illegal immigration, something little known in that more innocent world than we have today. And immigration from Mexico and Latin America into the Southwest attracted little attention from media and population centers located and focused on the Northeast. The Immigration Act of 1924 was probably less successful per se than its supporters liked to think.
World War II began to change the equation. Refugees from the Nazi persecutions in Europe created new circumstances, and for the first time the concept of a refugee became a key element in public and legal thought (although many earlier immigrants were refugees without that name). The war lifted the Chinese Exclusion Act as it became untenable to deny Chinese admittance to the United States at the same time the U.S. was allied with China in trying to defeat the Japanese. Huge numbers of Mexicans and others entered the country to help build the war machine and harvest the crops on the assumption (largely false) than most would return home when the conflict ended. And still others began to enter via nonquota categories.
As World War II ended, one of the first immigrant streams to surge forward came from Mexico and Latin America. The growing population surge into the Southwest created many new jobs, which attracted many Mexican workers. The development of nonstop air service from New York to San Juan, Puerto Rico, an American possession since 1899, offered quick and easy passage to the mainland to Puerto Ricans, who were American citizens to begin with. And political upheavals in Cuba and elsewhere led to huge immigration streams into Florida and elsewhere. The dramatic surge in peoples coming from Latin America from the mid-20th century forward is one of the most significant events in recent American history.
World War II had many unintended and unexpected consequences on the home front. One of these was a dramatic surge in acculturation and assimilation. People of different races, religions, and ethnic origins found themselves working together in common purpose as never before, and all this was bolstered by government propaganda depicting a united, equitable society bent on defeating totalitarian states. This led to significant declines in prejudice and set the stage for creating a more equitable society in the conflicts aftermath.
But the great coalition that had won World War II fell apart in the hour of victory, and in its stead emerged the Cold War, the central theme in global history from the late 1940s to the early 1990s (and to a diminished degree even today). As the Cold War unfolded and the U.S. proclaimed itself the champion of the Free worldand Freedomitself, it had to deal with the issues of ethnic and racial discrimination at home. The ideology of the Cold War itself proved a driving force at home. An expanding economy and suburbanization contributed to significant declines in prejudice and tension between many groups. The civil rights movement significantly reduced reduced racial prejudice, segregation, and even lynch law directed at black people and fostered dramatic integration in many facets of American society. And upheavals abroad created by the Cold War created ever large number of refugees seeking asylum in the United States. And that led to significant changes in the immigration laws.
The Immigration Act of 1924 may or may not have been successful, but if nothing else, it created the illusion of success. Discuss immigration patters in the years from 1924 to 1945 and analyze whether the Immigration Act of 1924 succeeded or whether other factors caused it to succeed. Then turn to the Cold War. The overarching shadow of this new conflict evolving after 1945 had a significant impact on immigration., as did new legislation. Discuss how immigration developed from the 1940s to the 1960s. Be sure to give attention to the Cold War and new legislation.
Also I need you to Identify and explain these in one to two sentences:
1. Displaced Persons Act
2. Operation Paperclip
3. The Bracero Program
4. Mariel Crisis
5. Patrick A. McCarran