The enclosing of the commons to make goods and services private property is neither just nor progressive . Discuss

their essay. Failure to do the reading will lead to dismissal from the workshop. These workshops are directly related to the essay topics  see below.


The module is assessed via a 3000 word essay. The essay title is:

 The enclosing of the commons to make goods and services private property is neither just nor progressive . Discuss


Choose one  case study and using BOTH the reading materials developed in the workshops, other reading material and the reading material below answer the essay question:

Case Study One, Academic Publishing  see  Scientific Publications Free For All? House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Tenth Report of Session 2003-04 HC399 1199/1199.pdf

Case Study Two, Open Source Software  see Yochai Benkler (2002)  Coase s Penguin, or, Linux and The Nature of the Firm Yale Law Review 112:3


also see Nicholas Gruen (2005)  Geeks Bearing Gifts: Open Source Software and Its Enemies Policy Vol. 21 No. 2 Winter 2005.

Case Study Three, Biodiversity  see Meera Nanda Hitching Dalit Modernity to Anti-Modernist Wagon english/static/events/reith_2000/lecture5.stm

All assessed work must be handed in to the School of Business and Management Office, Room 4.22. Late submission will be penalised according to departmental guidelines.


Plagiarism is the presentation of another person s work as if it is your own.

Examples include:

 Copying material from other students;

 Copying material from books or journals without acknowledgement;

 Copying material from websites without acknowledgement.

You may use brief quotes from the published or unpublished work of other person, but you must always show that they are quotations by putting them inside quotation marks, giving the source and listing the work in the bibliography at the end of your own piece of work. Plagiarism is cheating and will be punished. Note that even unintentional plagiarism may be punished. Depending on the extent and seriousness of the plagiarism the module organiser in conjunction with the departmental Teaching Committee will decide on appropriate action. You may have marks deducted from your work; you may receive 0% for the piece of work concerned; or you could even be removed from the degree programme. Particular vigilance will be applied in detecting plagiarism in the book review assignment and random checks of students work may be made using anti-plagiarism software.

Useful websites



Michel Foucault (1984) What is Enligthenment ? in Rabinow (P.), ed., The Foucault Reader, New York, Pantheon Books, 1984, pp. 32-50.


Karl Marx (1976) Capital Vol. 1 Chs XXI, XX, II. XXIII, XXXIII  pages 704-31, 751-65


S. Federici (2001)  The Debt Crisis, Africa and the New Enclosures The Commoner Sept. 2001


Shiva, V (2000)  Poverty & Globalisation Reith Lectures 2000,

Marx, K. Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844; First Manuscript  Profit of capital esp. section 4  The Accumulation of Capital and Competition Amongst the Capitalists


Marx, K. Manifesto of the Communist Party esp. Sections 1 & 2


Durkheim, Emile(1973) Emile Durkheim on Morality and Society esp ch.4  Individualism and the Intellectuals

Béteille, A (2003)  The Idea of Natural Inequality in Béteille, A (2003) The Idea of Natural Inequality and Other Essays Oxford University Press.

Marx, K Grundrisse esp.  The Chapter on Money section (4) entitled Contradiction between money as particular commodity and money as general commodity pp156-65


Harvie, D (2004)  Commons and Communities in the University: Some Notes and Some Examples 08harvie.pdf

Harvie, D (2000)  Alienation, Class and Enclosure in UK Universities Capital and Class Issue 71, p103-132  can be downloaded from the e-journal collection from the library.

Harvie, D. (2006)  Value Production and Struggle in the Classroom Capital and Class Issue 88.

O Neill, J (1998) The Market: Ethics, Knowledge and Politics esp. ch 11  Property in Science and the Market pp 143-159, Routledge London.

Merton, R (1968) Social Theory and Social Structure, esp ch. XVII  Science and Democrcatic Social Structure Free Press, New York