ULTURAL METAPHORS and THE WEEKLY CULTURAL FOCUS SECTIONS (japan)

6. CULTURAL METAPHORS and THE WEEKLY CULTURAL FOCUS SECTIONS
Each week we present a different cultual metapor in our cultural focus. Pick one of them and discuss in detail how the metahpor is a good model for enhancing understanding of the chosen culture. There are 14 of these and each is very interesting.
i??Write one page, double-spaced. Begin by stating what your topic is.
i??State your reason for choosing this topic, share what your interest in it is.
i??State what you expect or hope to learn from the whole process. What knowledge might you gain and perhaps tell why this could be beneficial to you.
i??Briefly describe where you plan to get the information to write the annotated bibliography and final paper (interviews, books, journals, the internet, etc.).
i??Then give the plan for development. This part is straight-forward. The second step is to prepare a mini-annotated bibliography, a set of 5-6 references with a paragraph or so describing each source. (This step helps organize your thinking and writing).
i??Finally you will submit an abridged term paper to complete the project. It might read something like: i??After this proposal I will search for relevant sources of information to prepare an annotated bibliography. Once the annotated bibliography is developed and submitted I will complete the paper by i?? whatever it is you will do according to your topic choice)i??

1. If you do not meet the one page requirement, points will be deducted from your proposal. If your proposal does not meet the standards we have set forth for an upper division student, no credit will be given.

2. Make sure you meet all the minimum requirements are met in your proposal. If you do not meet all the minimum requirements, your paper is subject to receive a zero for the assignment. If you follow all directions and meet the minimum requirements, you will be fine.

3. Since you may submit and resubmit as many times as you would like, try to work down the similarity index to as close to zero as possible by changing the highlighted similarity indications Turnitin gives you as feedback.

4. Do not copy the actual assignment explanation or topic choices into your proposal.

5. Do not include any direct quotes. In this assignment there is no need to quote any source.

6. Do not include any bullet points or lists.

7. Work alone but do have someone proofread your final essay before submitting it.

8. Make sure your references are in APA style at the end of the essay.

9. Take the time to write clearly. Make sure what you write stays on topic and flows logically from one sentence to the next.

10. Answer the questions asked -in other words, structure your essay on what Professor Nicholson has asked for.

11. In addition to having someone proofread your essay, make sure to run grammar and spell-checking programs on your essay. Make sure your grammar is at the level expected of an upper division university student.

12. Follow the Proposal and APA help forum for advice; post questions you may have ... first look around to see if someone else had the same question and it has already been asked and answered. Help others if you can.

I will order annotated bibliography and final paper. and the proposal have to be done on 2/19. so let me know if I have to give more info ty.
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Added on 16.02.2015 23:28
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Global Trade US Commercial Service Japan html
US Census Bureau -Exports to Japan exports/c5880.html
Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry FDI Policies Japan/expert-service-provider.html
Federation of International Trade Associations Japan
Consulate of Japan -San Francisco
I am living in SF so u may write something about it:) there link are come from my course

CULTURAL FOCUS ON JAPAN
The Japanese Garden



Aesthetically, the garden is one of the most powerful symbols of culture in Japan. The garden serves as a reminder that nature is central to the development of Japanese art, religion, and society. Gardeners try to represent nature as it is, rather than imposing order onto it, therefore capturing its essence; they do not create the beauty, they merely allow it to express itself. In doing this, they not only consider the placement of the rocks and trees, but the effect that time and the seasons will have on the garden. A Japanese garden reflects four characteristics that are also manifested in Japanese society: 1. Sense of harmony (wa) and a proper way of doing things (shikata), 2. Seishin (spirit training), 3. Value of both individuality and group identity, and 4. Aesthetics.

Japanese value wa, or harmonious interpersonal relationships, and tend to practice politeness and sensitivity over confrontation and criticism. Likewise, shame is a strong motivator to both maintain wa and complete endeavors (business or otherwise) with precision and accuracy, thus upholding the notion of shikata. This is also true of Japanese garden design created out of intention and perceptibility, gardens grow to illustrate wa, or harmony of the elements.

As symbolized in the garden, carp represent masculinity, exhibiting valor and tenacity. This is analogous to the Japanese concept of seishin, or spirit. Seishin is an integral part of Japanese philosophy that upholds self-discipline and devotion to duty. Seishin is exhibited in martial arts practice, Zen Buddhism, and employment trainings (wherein new hires are  hazed and expected to present their best efforts at overcoming various obstacles created by employers). Discipline is revered and believed to be the key to success.

There are three elements to the Japanese garden: stone, plants and water. When finding and combining these elements, gardeners observe the Japanese aesthetic theory of uniqueness. No two trees are alike and gardeners do not search for the perfect rock, for such a rock cannot exist in a world characterized by uniqueness. Gardeners, instead, look for a tree or rock that expresses its individuality.

Respect of individuality is balanced by valuing the strength of the group. For example, water flowing through a Japanese garden symbolizes this essential characteristic: alone, each droplet has little force, yet when combined with many others, there is enough force to form a waterfall. This metaphor is relevant when considering how Japanese structure companies. Business owners tend to identify as security and welfare providers to their employees, rather than viewing workers as a means to make profits. Even office arrangements are designed to include all group members, e.g. managers do not have private offices, as is common in the U.S. Group identity also facilitates consensus-based decision making processes, another common practice in Japan. Finally, the  mentor-apprentice relationship is also a necessary component to group cohesiveness, because it allows for an intimate exchange of ideas and concerns that might not be suitable in the larger group context. As Gannon remarks, it is worth noting that gender inequality and unequal distribution of power between groups remains a challenge to Japan s progression in the world market.

Lastly, as is obvious when contemplating the Japanese garden, attention to aesthet

ULTURAL METAPHORS and THE WEEKLY CULTURAL FOCUS SECTIONS (japan)

Each week we present a different cultural metaphor in our cultural focus. Pick one of them and discuss in detail how the metaphor is a good model for enhancing understanding of the chosen culture. There are 14 of these and each is very interesting.
its the second step of term paper, last two week I had ask you to write the Proposal. Now its Annotated Bibliography. it need about 5 sources. and term paper is 8-12 pages. more details i will post later. ty